Sonam Lhosar festival is mostly celebrated by the Buddhist community of Nepal. Where the meaning of Lhosar is “New Year” and Lhosar is usually falls during the month of January, February, and December due to the lunar calendar. On the day of Lhosar, Buddhist monasteries and stupas of Kathmandu Swoyambhunath, Boudhanath, Namobuddha are decorated with prayer flags. During Lhosar festive season people perform their cultural dance and welcome the “New Year” with feasts and family gatherings with relatives. There are three different types of Lhosar in Nepal: Tamu Lhosar, Sonam Lhosar, and Gyalpo Lhosar. Who had been celebration such festival, those people are used to live on Mountain area of Nepal with their communities. We can explore their culture Every Trekking, Hiking and Touring area of Nepal.
Tamu Lhosar is celebrated by the Gurung community, who lives in the laps of the Mountain Dhaulagiri and Mountain Annapurna region. Gurungs are the original people from Nepal and called Tamu, another name of Gurungs. According to Nepalese Calendar every year, 15 Poush( according to Nepali calendar) is the day to celebrate Tamu Lhoshar whereas, in the English calendar, it falls in the month of 30 December. On the day of the Tamu Lhosar festival, the lama (the spiritual teacher) establishes the statue of Buddha at each and every house and world ship and pray for joyful and happy staring of New year. Sel roti and Khapse (made of rice bread), Achar (Pickle), Meat, homemade rice Beer (tonbaa) and Wine are served for pleasure. People gather together to dance and celebrate the festival in the rural areas whereas in cities people gather in a common place and line around the cities to dance with the cultural song “Salaijo and Kauda” to welcome the New Year. During the day everyone goes to their own Publish House to celebrate Lhosar with traditional food and dresses. The men wear Bhangra, white cloth shirt-like tied across the chest and open like a bag at the back which was used for carrying things back in the days, and a Kachhad, like a short miniskirt. Gurung women, as well as children and young people, wear maroon velvet Ghalek and gunyo-cholo, harmonizing with gold and semi-precious stone necklaces.
Sonam Lhosar is celebrated by the Tamang community of the Langtang region of Nepal as well around Kathmandu Valley. Tamangs are the native people from Nepal. They have their own culture and language which popular them from other ethnic groups. Tamang means Horse Traders. Sonam Lhoshar falls on the first full moon of the month Magh in Nepali Calendar and the early January to mid-February in English calendar. So, the date is different in every Sonam Lhoshar in every year. During the day of Sonam Lhosar, Tamangs communities’ people clean and decorate their house to welcome the New Year and visit the monasteries and stupas in their traditional costumes. Where in Buddhist monasteries and stupas tamangs communities people perform the selo dances and ceremony to forget the negative forces and bring the positive force for the family, relatives and the nation. The Tamang are very famous for their music and dance performances. Tamang’s famous traditional drum called the “damfu.” It is small, round, and covered with goat’s skin on one side. You will notice 32 small bamboo sticks are used in its construction. Also listen for Tamang songs, known as “Tamang selo”. Tamang selo songs are famous for being entertaining and humorous but also for expressing the “deep philosophical meaning of life”. Tamang communities have become popular with all Nepalese, not only with the Tamang samaj.
Gyalpo Lhosar is celebrated by the Sherpa community living in the Everest Himalayan region in Nepal. They are world famous mountain climbers and the first one who climbed Mount Everest in Nepal, the highest mountain in the world. People of Tamang, Thakali and Bhote communities celebrate this festival as a New Year. Gyalpo Lhosar is celebrated of Tibetan New Year falls which is in the month of February in English Calendar. It is celebrated typically for almost two weeks. Preparation of festive begins by making special Sherpa snack Khapse (deep-fried bread) which is commonly eaten during the day of Lhosar. The houses are cleaned; especially the kitchen has to be cleaned properly because it is the place where the family prepares the food. Some special dishes are cooked for the New Year ceremony. One of the dishes is a soup served with dumplings called Guthuk. The soup is made from meat, rice, sweet potatoes, wheat, Yak cheese, green peppers, and radishes. The day before Losar, families gather to clean and decorate their homes. That same evening, once the clock strikes midnight, the traditional greeting, “Tashi Delek” is exchanged and friends and family stay up late to welcome each other to the New Year. Many traditional ceremonial dances representing the struggle between demons and gods are performed at local Monasteries.
Similarly, for more information about Nepalese festival, culture, and tradition, we Boundless Adventure promote you to well-known about Nepalese festival with practical experiments.
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On the morning of 11th Sept, we with silent prayers and greetings to all for an auspicious Thiru Onam, boarded a helicopter from Kathmandu airport (Nepal) for a flight to see the grandeur and splendor of the mysterious and highest structure on Earth - Mount Everest and her sister peaks. Flight ascended over the city and took the northeast direction passing below lush green terraced paddy fields. After some time, the landscape changed, land became arid and untouched. After an hour of flying, we landed in Lukla for refueling. Lukla in North East Nepal is a small town in the…View more
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